Dr. Douglas Lee is the Ted Rogers Chair in Heart Function Outcomes and a staff cardiologist at the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre of the University Health Network. He is a Professor of Medicine at the University of Toronto, and senior scientist and leader of the Cardiovascular Program at ICES. Dr. Lee obtained his M.D. and completed postgraduate training in Internal Medicine and Cardiology at the University of Toronto. Dr. Lee completed a Ph.D. in the section of Clinical Epidemiology in the Institute for Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation at the University of Toronto, and a post-doctoral fellowship at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s Framingham Heart Study. He has published over 320 peer-reviewed articles in journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine, JAMA Internal Medicine, the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Circulation, JACC, and the European Heart Journal. Dr. Lee has expertise in outcomes and health services research, health policy, prospective studies and large database research. He has conducted numerous studies which have linked granular clinical databases to conduct prospective studies or pragmatic randomized trials using ICES databases.